Anna Schneider

JG. 1900

Rudolfsplatz 3

Bonciani, Goffredo Faist, Julius Ferfolja, Anna Fumeo, Angela Gomez-Rodriguez, Rafael Köchl, Josefa Mikulandra, Bozo Miniussi, Alida Pfriemer, Katharina Poggesi, Vasco Schallmoser, Margarethe Schmidberger, Berta Schneider, Anna Subota, Wladimir Tischler, Franziska Verschleisser, Federica Verschleisser, Regine Weissberger, Otto

Anna SCHNEIDER was born in the city of Hallein, a few miles south of Salzburg, on December 6, 1900. She was baptized in the Roman Catholic and was the oldest of the six or seven children of Mathilde Schneider, née Bumbicka, and Josef Schneider, a customs agent in Hallein.

The Baptismal Records of the Hallein Parish include a notation about the death of Anna SCHNEIDER: »died June 9, 1944« according to a message from the Berlin-Charlottenburg registry office.

This does not necessarily mean that the 43-year-old woman died violently. Her name is also not in the documentation volume published in 1991 Widerstand und Verfolgung in Salzburg 1934-1945 [Resistance and Persecution in Salzburg 1934-1945].

Certainty about her violent death only came when the Arolsen Archives became publicly accessible: Anna SCHNEIDER was an anti-Nazi woman from Hallein and a victim of the Nazi terror.

Anna SCHNEIDER, who had attended secondary and commercial schools, worked as an employee in Salzburg hotels, most recently in Zell am See. There she was denounced for criticizing the wartime Nazi regime and was arrested by the Salzburg Gestapo. But she was not brought to court in Salzburg, instead she was deported to Berlin, the seat of the People's Court, and initially imprisoned in the women's prison on the Barnimstrasse.

It is further documented that Anna SCHNEIDER, aged 43, was sentenced to death by the People's Court on April 25, 1944 for »undermining the strength of the military« and was beheaded on June 9, 1944 in the Berlin-Plötzensee prison.

Recent research has discovered that Anna SCHNEIDER - just like Rosa HOFMANN, the resistance woman from Salzburg – is one of the 182 execution victims found on a list of the anatomist Dr. Hermann Stieve. Under the Nazi regime, Dr. Stieve carried out special experiments on female genital organs at the famous Berlin Charité hospital.

After the liberation in 1945, Dr. Stieve was able to continue his career unmolested in East Berlin and was the recipient of the GDR National Prize before his death in 1952.

The remains of his victims, including hose of Rosa HOFMANN and Anna Schneider, were discovered decades later and were only buried in Berlin's Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof in 2019.


Author:Gert Kerschbaumer
Translation:Stan Nadel

Nearby Stumbling Blocks

Nonntaler Hauptstraße 1 36m 36m, 155°  Weil, Angela
Rudolfskai 52 98m 98m, 322°  Schulhof, Alfred
Chiemseegasse 6 295m 295m, 278°  Schönberg, Heinrich
Krotachgasse 2 299m 299m, 270°  Vitzthum, Anna
Chiemseegasse 302m 302m, 278°  Rehrl, Franz

Stumbling Blocks

Laid 2021-10-18 at Rudolfsplatz 3, Salzburg