Josefine KUBIN, born on May 17, 1911 in Salzburg and baptized Protestant, was the only child of the married couple Maria and Josef Kubin.

The family, who had their home in Salzburg, lived in a »Faberhaus«, Franz-Josef-Straße 4, second floor.1 Josefine’s father, who was an accountant in commercial enterprises, died in 1930.

Josefine, who did not learn a profession and remained single, worked as an »auxiliary accountant« in a real estate office. She fell ill, was incapacitated by a court order in October 1940, thus under the Nazi regime, and was admitted to the Landesheilanstalt Salzburg.

The 30-year-old woman was among the 85 inmates who were deported to Hartheim and murdered on May 21, 1941. Josephine’s mother, a court-appointed curator (Sachwalterin), received the false news on June 12, 1941, that her daughter had died on May 30, 1941, in the »Heil- und Pflegeanstalt« Bernburg an der Saale.
In the police register of the city of Salzburg, neither the date nor the place of death is recorded for victims of the National Socialist secret operation »T4«2.

After the liberation of Salzburg, however, the registration card of the murdered Josefine KUBIN added in handwriting: »30. 5. 41 in Hartheim O. Ö. deceased!«

The application of the widowed mother Maria Kubin for victim welfare was rejected in April 1949 by the Federal Ministry for Social Administration on the grounds:

For the death of your daughter, the proof of political persecution according to § 1, para. 2, lit. a could neither be provided nor assumed.”

Victims of so-called euthanasia (murder of the sick), homosexuals, so-called asocials and their survivors were not entitled to victim welfare.

Mrs. Maria Kubin, who died in Salzburg in 1987, also had no claim to compensation throughout her life, since the National Fund of the Republic of Austria was not established as a compensation fund until 1995.

1 On the first floor of the »Faberhaus« Franz-Josef-Straße 4 lived Alois HATTINGER, activist of the communist resistance movement, who died in the penitentiary Straubing in the war year 1944.

2 »T4«: named after the »euthanasia« headquarters in Berlin, Tiergartenstraße 4.
Those mainly responsible for the murders of the sick in Salzburg: Dr. Friedrich Rainer as Reichsstatthalter, Dr. Oskar Hausner as head of the Gaufürsorgeamt, Dr. Leo Wolfer as head of the Landesheilanstalt and Dr. Heinrich Wolfer as head of the hereditary biology department of the Landesheilanstalt (today the Christian Doppler Clinic).


  • Salzburg City Archives
  • Schloss Hartheim Study and Memorial Center
Author: Gert Kerschbaumer
Translation: DeepL

Stumbling Stone
Laid 22.06.2009 at Salzburg, Franz-Josef-Straße 4

<p>HIER WOHNTE<br />
JG. 1911<br />
DEPORTIERT 21.5.1941<br />
ERMORDET 1941</p>
Photo: Gert Kerschbaumer

All stumbling stones at Franz-Josef-Straße 4