Beatrix SCHMIDT, née Urbanek, was born in Brod Bohemia (now Český Brod in the Czech Republic) on January 20, 1866. She was a Protestant widow who had a son who lived in Vienna.

Her husband had been a colonel in the Austro-Hungarian army and his brother was a Salzburg attorney named Ferdinand SCHMIDT. Ferdinand owned the house at 33 Schwarzstraße where Beatrix SCHMIDT lived before she became a patient at the Salzburg State Asylum. She was committed to the asylum several times after 1920.

Beatrix SCHMIDT was one of the 29 patients deported from there to the Hartheim Castle killing center near Linz on April 18, 1941 – where they were all murdered.

As with all the other victims of the Nazis’ secret »T4«1 program, the death of 75 year old Beatrix Schmidt was not recorded in the Salzburg police registration files.

1 It was called »T4« because its Berlin headquarters were located at Tiergartenstraße 4.
Those mainly responsible for the murders of the sick in Salzburg: Dr. Friedrich Rainer as Reichsstatthalter, Dr. Oskar Hausner as head of the Gaufürsorgeamt, Dr. Leo Wolfer as head of the Landesheilanstalt and Dr. Heinrich Wolfer as head of the hereditary biology department of the Landesheilanstalt (today’s Christian Doppler Clinic).


  • Salzburg city archives
  • Schloss Hartheim Learning and Remembrance Center
Author: Gert Kerschbaumer
Translation: Stan Nadel

Stumbling Stone
Laid 29.09.2017 at Salzburg, Schwarzstraße 33

<p>HIER WOHNTE<br />
JG. 1866<br />
DEPORTIERT 18.4.1941<br />
ERMORDET 1941</p>
Photo: Gert Kerschbaumer

All stumbling stones at Schwarzstraße 33