Theresia SCHAMBERGER, née Eichinger, was born in Aurolzmünster (in the Ried district of the Innviertel of Upper Austria) on May 27, 1872.
She was a married Catholic mother of a so and belonged to a family that had local citizenship rights in Gnigl-Itzling (now part of the city of Salzburg) in accordance with the old Heimatrecht laws.

They lived at 61 Erzherzog Eugenstraße (now 17 Salzburger Schützenstraße) in Itzling1.

Mrs. SCHAMBERGER was admitted to the State Asylum on November 14, 1939 and in the week before her 69th birthday she was shipped off to the Hartheim Castle killing center near Linz on May 21, 1941 where she was murdered.

The death of the 68-year-old woman, as with all victims of the National Socialist secret operation »T4«2, is not recorded in the police registry of the city of Salzburg.

Her husband Josef SCHAMBERGER was a shoemaker and he died in Salzburg in 1942. Her son Alfred was an officer in the rural police and died in Salzburg in 1950.

1 In the same house lived the shoemaker Rudolf BEER, who was persecuted under the Nazi regime for political reasons and murdered in 1940 in the Mauthausen concentration camp. In the same house also lived a young Jewish woman who converted to the Catholic faith under the Nazi regime, survived the terror years thanks to the protection of her friends, emigrated to the USA after the liberation and died in Los Angeles in 2009.

2 It was called »T4« because its Berlin headquarters were located at Tiergartenstraße 4.
Those mainly responsible for the murders of the sick in Salzburg: Dr. Friedrich Rainer as Reichsstatthalter, Dr. Oskar Hausner as head of the Gaufürsorgeamt, Dr. Leo Wolfer as head of the Landesheilanstalt and Dr. Heinrich Wolfer as head of the hereditary biology department of the Landesheilanstalt (today’s Christian Doppler Clinic).


  • Salzburg city archives
  • Schloss Hartheim Learning and Remembrance Center
Author: Gert Kerschbaumer
Translation: Stan Nadel

Stumbling Stone
Laid 22.03.2012 at Salzburg, Salzburger Schützenstraße 17

<p>HIER WOHNTE<br />
JG. 1872<br />
DEPORTIERT 21.5.1941<br />
ERMORDET 1941</p>
Photo: Gert Kerschbaumer

All stumbling stones at Salzburger Schützenstraße 17