Herbert SCHWARZ was born in Itzling (which was part of the Gnigl municipality before both were annexed to the city of Salzburg in 1935) on March 27, 1918.

He was an illegitimate child who was baptized Catholic before his mother emigrated to the US in 1922. Herbert lived with his grandfather until his grandfather died, and then he lived with his foster mother Sophie SCHWARZ in Itzling.

Herbert SCHWARZ was unable to learn a trade and became a patient in the Salzburg State Asylum in 1935. He was one of the 82 patients who were deported from there to the Castle Hartheim killing center near Linz on April 17, 1941 — where they were all murdered.

As with all the other victims of the Nazis’ secret »T4«1 program, the death of this 23 year old man was never recorded in the Salzburg police registration files.

Herbert’s foster mother survived the terror years and died in Salzburg at age 73. His birth mother married in the US and died in Florida in 1989.

1 It was called »T4« because its Berlin headquarters were located at Tiergartenstraße 4.
Those mainly responsible for the murders of the sick in Salzburg: Dr. Friedrich Rainer as Reichsstatthalter, Dr. Oskar Hausner as head of the Gaufürsorgeamt, Dr. Leo Wolfer as head of the Landesheilanstalt and Dr. Heinrich Wolfer as head of the hereditary biology department of the Landesheilanstalt (today’s Christian Doppler Clinic).


  • Salzburg city archives
  • Schloss Hartheim Learning and Remembrance Center
Author: Gert Kerschbaumer
Translation: Stan Nadel

Stumbling Stone
Laid 18.08.2016 at Salzburg, Itzlinger Hauptstraße 15

All stumbling stones at Itzlinger Hauptstraße 15