Anna SCHREDER was born in Aigen (now part of the city of Salzburg) on June 13, 1903 and was baptized in the Roman Catholic Church.
She was the daughter of an unmarried servant who was also named Anna Schreder and who worked in Salzburg.
The younger Anna also worked as a servant. She often changed employers and her last residence was in Salzburg, where she lived with her employer at 8 Bergstraße.
In 1925 Anna SCHREDER began her years in inpatient psychiatric treatment. For a few years she was in nursing care at Wallsee Castle and later she was a long term patient at the Salzburg State Asylum. She was clearly unable to engage in any productive employment and that became sufficient grounds for her murder under the Nazi regime.
Anna SCHREDER was among the 68 women who were deported on April 16, 1941 from the Salzburg State Asylum to the Nazi’s killing center for the handicapped at Hartheim Castle near Linz, where they were all murdered.
As with all of the victims of the Nazi’s secret »T4«1 extermination operation, the death of the 37 year old Anna SCHREDER was not recorded in the city of Salzburg’s police registration records.
In 1960 her then 83 year old mother died in Salzburg.
1 This operation was called »T4« because its national headquarters were located at Tiergartenstraße 4 in Berlin.
In Salzburg the individuals primarily responsible for the organization of these murders were the Governor, Dr. Friedrich Rainer, the head of the district welfare office, Dr. Oskar Hausner, the head of the State Asylum [now called the Christian-Doppler-Klinik], Dr. Leo Wolfer, and the head of the hereditary biology department of the State Asylum, Dr. Heinrich Wolfer.
- War Crimes Records of the U.S. Judge Advocate Division Headquarters (The National Archives Washington DC)
- Salzburg City and State archives
- Archives of the Salzburg Archdiocese (register books)
Translation: Stan Nadel
Laid 27.09.2022 at Salzburg, Bergstrasse 8