Margarete WRAUBEK,1 née Lieblich, was born in Budapest on December 13, 1863. She was a daughter of a Jewish couple: Charlotte Lieblich, née Grieshaber and Samuel Lieblich.
She converted to the Calvinist Reformed Church in Austria (Evangelical Church of the Helvetic Confession) and married Friedrich WRAUBEK in Vienna’s Reformed Church (16 Dorotheergasse in the 1st District) in November 1894. Friedrich WRAUBEK was a Roman Catholic who had been born in Gurahumora [which was in the Austrian Crown Land of Bukowina at the time and is now in Rumania] on November 26, 1858.
He was a senior official in the Austro-Hungarian military administration who was stationed in the garrison town of Lemberg [now Lviv] before he moved up to the military headquarters in Vienna, where he ended his career as a colonel-general when the Austro-Hungarian monarchy was dissolved after WWI.
After WWI Margarete and Friedrich WRAUBEK moved to Salzburg, to the 1st floor of 5 Haydnstraße in the upper middle class Andrä-Quarter, and the couple had local citizenship rights there. Friedrich WRAUBEK died before Austria was annexed to Nazi Germany in March 1938.
In April 1939 the 76-year-old widow was evicted from her apartment in the Haydnstraße to make room for an official of the German Military Administration. Margarete WRAUBEK had to flee to Vienna.
The 78 year old In Vienna Margarete WRAUBEK’s last residence was in the 9th District at 16 Seegasse, the old age home of the Swedish Mission for Israel, which was a collection point for Jews who had converted to Protestantism.2
On August 27, 1942 she was deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp on »Transport 38« – she was murdered there on September 17, 1942.
1 It is spelled Wraubeck in the Shoah Databank, but WRAUBEK in parish registers, the police registration files and the death records in Theresienstadt.
2 This was the deportation address of 155 victims, including the 77 year old widow Therese Hirsch, mother of the painter Felix Albrecht Harta (previously Hirsch), who returned to Salzburg from exile and died here in 1967.
- Jewish Community Organization of Vienna
- Salzburg and Vienna city and state archives
- Theresienstadt death records
Translation: Stan Nadel
Laid 23.06.2009 at Salzburg, Haydnstraße 5